And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat
bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant,
the ten commandments.
And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the
tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all,
whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you:
 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you,
that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord.  It shall be a
sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for
Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement:
it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and
offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.  And ye shall do no work in
that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before
the Lord your God.  For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in
that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.  And whatsoever
soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy
from among his people.  Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute
for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.  It shall be
unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of
the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
1 Samuel 1:7-8
And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, so she
provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.  Then said Elkanah her
husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is
thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?
2 Samuel 12:16-23
David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and
lay all night upon the earth.  And the elders of his house arose, and went
to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat
bread with them.  And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child
died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for
they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he
would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him
that the child is dead?  But when David saw that his servants whispered,
David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants,
Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.  Then David arose from the
earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into
the house of the Lord, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when
he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.  Then said his
servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and
weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst
rise and eat bread.  And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted
and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether God will be gracious to me, that the
child may live?  But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring
him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
1 Kings 3:8-24
And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great
people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude.  Give therefore
thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern
between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? 
And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.  And God
said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for
thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the
life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern
judgment;  Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee
a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee,
neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.  And I have also given
thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honor: so that there shall
not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days.  And if thou wilt
walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David
did walk, then I will lengthen thy days.  And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it
was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant
of the Lord, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and
made a feast to all his servants.
 Then came there two women, that were harlots, unto the king, and stood
before him.  And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in
one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house.  And it
came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was
delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the
house, save we two in the house.  And this woman's child died in the night;
because she overlaid it.  And she arose at midnight, and took my son from
beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her
dead child in my bosom.  And when I rose in the morning to give my child
suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it in the morning, behold,
it was not my son, which I did bear.  And the other woman said, Nay; but the
living is my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No; but the dead is
thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king.  Then
said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the
dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the
living.  And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword
before the king.
1 Kings 19:8
And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty
days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.
1 Kings 21:27
And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and
put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.
2 Chron. 20:3
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the Lord, and proclaimed a fast
throughout all Judah.
Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict
ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little
ones, and for all our substance.  For I was ashamed to require of the king a
band of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy in the way: because
we had spoken unto the king, saying, The hand of our God is upon all them for
good that seek him; but his power and his wrath is against all them that forsake
him.  So we fasted and besought our God for this: and he was intreated of
And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and
mourned certain days, and fasted, and prayed before the God of heaven,
Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were
assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.
Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for
me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens
will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to
the law: and if I perish, I perish.
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with
strong pain:  So that his life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat.
Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their
transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.  Yet they seek me daily,
and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not
the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take
delight in approaching to God.
 Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we
afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your
fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.  Behold, ye fast for
strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast
as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.  Is it such a fast
that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his
head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call
this a fast, and an acceptable day to the Lord?  Is not this the fast that I
have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to
let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?  Is it not to deal
thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy
house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not
thyself from thine own flesh?
 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall
spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of
the Lord shall be thy rereward.  Then shalt thou call, and the Lord shall
answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from the
midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;
 And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted
soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the
noonday:  And the Lord shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in
drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and
like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.  And they that shall be of
thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of
many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The
restorer of paths to dwell in.
 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my
holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honorable; and
shalt honor him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor
speaking thine own words:  Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and
I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with
the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.
When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering
and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword,
and by the famine, and by the pestilence.
Therefore also now, saith the Lord, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and
with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:
Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they
disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto
you, They have their reward.  But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine
head, and wash thy face;  That thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto
thy Father which is in secret: and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall
reward thee openly.
It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy
brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.
2 Cor. 6:5
In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings;
And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from
the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.
I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink.
And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the
ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me
Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.  And when they
had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.
And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with
fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.
1 Cor. 7:5
Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that ye may
give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt
you not for your incontinency.
Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting.
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and
when they were ended, he afterward hungered.